Quarantine Isolation Statutes

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Fla. Stat. § 381.0011 (2012)

Fla. Stat. § 381.00315 (2012)

Authority. The state health officer is responsible for declaring public health emergencies, under which an order can be given to quarantine individuals who pose a threat to public health. Requires the Department of Health to develop a plan that exclusively uses private and non-state public hospitals to provide treatment to cure, hospitalize and isolate persons with contagious cases of tuberculosis who pose a threat to the public.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 333.5207

Police Power & Limitations. An individual temporarily detained under subsection (1) shall not be detained longer than 72 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, without a court hearing to determine if the temporary detention should continue.

Mich. Comp. Laws § 333.2453

Authority. The local health officer may issue an emergency order to prohibit the gathering of people for any purpose and may establish procedures to be followed by persons, including a local governmental entity, during the epidemic to ensure continuation of essential public health services and enforcement of health laws. Emergency procedures shall not be limited to this code.

Maine Rev. Stat. tit. 22 § 802(2)

Authority. In the event of an actual or threatened epidemic or public health threat, the department may declare that a health emergency exists and may adopt emergency rules for the protection of the public health relating to procedures for the isolation and placement of infected persons for purposes of care and treatment or infection control.

Maine Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22 § 804

Penalties. Penalties.Any personwho neglects, violates or refuses to obey the rules, or who willfully obstructs or hinders the execution of the rules, may be ordered by the department, in writing, to cease and desist. In the case of any person who refuses to obey a cease and desist order issued to enforce the rules adopted pursuant to section 802, the department may bring an action in district court to obtain an injunction enforcing the cease and desist order or to request a civil fine not to exceed $500, or both.

Maine Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 22 § 810

Police Power & Limitations. Upon the department's submission of an affidavit showing by clear and convincing evidence that the person or property which is the subject of the petition requires immediate custody in order to avoid a clear and immediate public health threat, a judge of the district court or justice of the Superior Court may grant temporary custody of the subject of the petition to the department and may order specific emergency care, treatment or evaluation.

Okla. Stat. Title 21 § 48-1195

Penalties. Every person who having been lawfully ordered by any health officer to be detained in quarantine and not having been discharged leaves the quarantine grounds or willfully violates any quarantine law or regulation, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

Okla. Stat. Title 63 § 1-504(c)

Police Power & Limitations. District courts shall be authorized to grant injunctive relief, including temporary injunctions and temporary restraining orders, to compel compliance with a quarantine or isolation order issued by a local health officer pursuant to this section.

Okla. Stat. Title 63 § 1-502(a)

Authority. The State Board of Health shall have authority to adopt such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with law, as it deems necessary to aid in the prevention and control of communicable disease.

Pa. Code Title 28 § 27.60 (A)

Authority. The Department or local health authority shall direct isolation of a person or an animal with a communicable disease or infection; surveillance, segregation, quarantine or modified quarantine of contacts of a person or an animal with a communicable disease or infection; and any other disease control measure the Department or the local health authority considers to be appropriate for the surveillance of disease, when the disease control measure is necessary to protect the public from the spread of infectious agents.